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APA Referencing - Education & Counselling students: eBook

This guide provides information on how to reference using the APA 6th edition referencing style. PLEASE NOTE: Theology students should use Chicago Footnote Style

How to reference an eBook

eBook

Most of the APA rules for referencing print books apply to referencing eBooks, e.g. how to reference multiple authors, different editions, an edited book etc. Click on the Book tab for further details. 

However, there are some specific differences with referencing an eBook. Below, there is information on how to reference:

  • an eBook accessed through an eReader (e.g. Kindle),
  • an online eBook with a DOI
  • an online eBook without a DOI
  • a chapter in an edited eBook
  • a direct quote in an eBook - both with or without page numbers

NB: If a book is available as both a print book and eBook you should follow the rule "cite what you used" and cite whatever version of the book you accessed for your assignment. 

Specific examples of referencing eBooks

eBook (eReader version)

In-text reference

Opaka (2014) stated that....

OR

The importance of a counsellor in enabling people to navigate difficult life issues cannot be overemphasised (Opaka, 2014).

Reference list

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of book: Subtitle of the book [E-reader version]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx 

OR

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of book: Subtitle of the book  [E-reader version]. doi:xxxxx

Okpala, D. (2014). Counselling: In the church and fellowship groups [Kindle book]. Retrieved from http://www.amazon.com/

eBook (Online with DOI) 

In-text reference

According to Ritsner and Awad (2007) ...

OR

... as it had been identified (Ritsner & Awad, 2007).

Reference list

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of book: Subtitle of the book. doi:xxxxx 

Ritsner, M. S., & Awad, A. G. (2007). Quality of life impairment in schizophrenia, mood and anxiety disorders.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-5779-3

eBook (Online without DOI)

In-text reference

Lewin-Benham (2015) advocated that ...

OR

The importance of teaching intentionally can be seen in the example of the Reggio Emilia approach to teaching (Lewin-Benham, 2015). 

Reference list

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of book: Subtitle of the book. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

Lewin-Benham, A. (2015). Eight essential techniques for teaching with intention: What makes Reggio and other inspired approaches effective. Retrieved from http://web.b.ebscohost.com/

eBook (Chapter in an eBook)

In-text reference

Heyneman and Stern (2015) stated that ...

OR

... has been identified as crucial in development (Heyneman & Stern, 2015).

Reference list

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of chapter. In Initial. Surname (Ed.). Title of book: Subtitle of the book [E-reader version if applicable]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx 

OR

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of chapter. In Initial. Surname (Ed.). Title of book: Subtitle of the book  [E-reader version if applicable]. doi:xxxxx

 

Heyneman, S & Stern, J. (2015). Development and education. In P. Dixon, S. Humble & C. Counihan (Eds.), Handbook of international development and education (pp. 20-46). Retrieved from http://web.a.ebscohost.com/

eBook (Direct quote)

Many eBooks have page numbers that correlate with their print alternatives. If an eBook has page numbers then provide those page numbers in your in-text citation after a direct quote as you would for a print book. If an eBook does not have page numbers or does not have constant page numbers (e.g. in an eReader where the size of font or screen orientation can change the numbering of the pages) follow the conventions for websites and provide:

  • a paragraph number numbered from the beginning of the document; 
  • an overarching heading plus a paragraph number within that section; or 
  • an abbreviated heading (or the first few words of the heading) in quotation marks, in cases in which the heading is too long to cite in full.

In-text reference

Zull (2011) stated that "the journey from brain to mind depends greatly on experience" (Natural journey from brain to mind, para. 3).

OR

"The journey from brain to mind depends greatly on experience" (Zull, 2011, Natural journey from brain to mind, para. 3).

Reference list

Zull, J. (2011). From brain to mind: Using neuroscience to guide change in education. Retrieved from http://web.b.ebscohost.com/

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