The reference list is located at the end of your assignment and should include all the details of every source you have referred to in your assignment. NB: APA Style does not use bibliographies (all sources you read) but a reference list (only sources you refer to in your assignment).
Reference lists should be organised alphabetically, according to authors' names, and then chronologically if there is the same author for two or more references e.g.
Note that the title of the book or journal article should be italicised and hanging indents should be used (i.e. if the reference goes onto a second line, the second line is indented).
There are acceptable abbreviations in the reference list for parts of the books:
|Abbreviation||Book or publication part|
|Rev. ed.||Revised edition|
|2nd ed.||Second edition|
|Ed. (Eds.)||Editor (Editors)|
|et al.||and others|
|p. (pp.)||page (pages)|
|Vol.||Volume (not used for journals)|
Hanging indents are used to align the first author's surname with the margin and wrap the second and subsequent lines of the reference using an indent. The instructions for hanging indents in MS Word are:
The reference list uses the same line spacing as the body of your assignment (1.5 or double-spaced). A blank line between entries is optional.
Several works by different authors with the same surname are ordered by first initial:
Mathur, A. L., & Wallston, J. (1999)
Mathur, S. E., & Ahlers, R. J. (1998)
References by the same author with the same publication date are arranged alphabetically by title (excluding A or The). Place lowercase letters--a, b, c, and so forth--immediately after the year, within the parentheses:
Baheti, J. R. (2001a). Control ...
Baheti, J. R. (2001b). Roles of ...
(American Psychological Association, 2010, p. 182-183)
If an organisation or group is given as the author, i.e. there are no individual author names given, write the organisation's name in full as the author. Write Author as the publisher if the organisation is also the publisher. For Endnote users, type a comma at the end of the organisation's name in the author field to stop Endnote abbreviating the organisation's name as though it is an individual's name.
If there is no author, use the title in the place of the author and alphabetise by the first significant word in the title.
(American Psychological Association, 2010, p. 183)