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APA Referencing - Education & Counselling students: eBooks

This guide provides information on how to reference using the APA 6th edition referencing style. PLEASE NOTE: Theology students should use Chicago Footnote Style

How to reference eBooks

Most of the APA rules for referencing print books apply to referencing eBooks e.g. how to reference multiple authors, different editions, an edited book etc. Click on "Books" on the tab above for further details. 

However there are some specific differences with referencing an eBook. Below is specific information on how to reference:

  • an eBook accessed through an eReader (e.g. Kindle),
  • an online eBook with a DOI
  • an online eBook without a DOI
  • a chapter in an edited eBook
  • a direct quote in an eBook - both with or without page numbers

NB: If a book is available as both a print book and eBook you should follow the rule "cite what you used" and cite whatever version of the book you accessed for your assignment. 

Specific examples of referencing eBooks

In-text reference

Opaka (2014) states that....

OR

The importance of a counsellor in enabling people to navigate difficult life issues cannot be overemphasised (Opaka, 2014).

 

Reference list

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of book: Subtitle of the book [E-reader version]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx 

OR

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of book: Subtitle of the book  [E-reader version]. doi:xxxxx

 

Okpala, D. (2014). Counselling: In the church and fellowship groups [Kindle book]. Retrieved from http://www.amazon.com/

In-text reference

According to Ritsner and Awad (2007) ...

OR

... as it had been identified (Ritsner & Awad, 2007).

 

Reference list

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of book: Subtitle of the book. doi:xxxxx 

Ritsner, M. S., & Awad, A. G. (2007). Quality of life impairment in schizophrenia, mood and anxiety disorders.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-5779-3

In-text reference

Lewin-Benham (2015) advocates that...

OR

The importance of teaching intentional can be seen in the example of Reggio Emilia approach to teaching (Lewin-Benham, 2015). 

 

Reference list

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of book: Subtitle of the book. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

Lewin-Benham, A. (2015). Eight essential techniques for teaching with intention: What makes Reggio and other inspired approaches effective. Retrieved from http://web.b.ebscohost.com/

In-text reference

Heyneman & Stern (2015) state that...

OR

...has been identfied as cruical in developement (Heyneman & Stern, 2015).

 

Reference list

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of chapter. In Initial. Surname (Ed.). Title of book: Subtitle of the book [E-reader version if applicable]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx 

OR

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of chapter. In Initial. Surname (Ed.). Title of book: Subtitle of the book  [E-reader version if applicable]. doi:xxxxx

 

Heyneman, S & Stern, J. (2015). Development and education. In P. Dixon, S. Humble & C. Counihan (Eds.), Handbook of international development and education (pp. 20-46). Retrieved from http://web.a.ebscohost.com/

Direct quotes

Many eBooks have page numbers which correlate with their print alternatives. If an eBook has page numbers then you provide those page numbers in your in-text citation after a direct quote, the same as you would for a print book. If an eBook does not have page numbers or does not have constant page numbers (e.g. in an eReader where the size of font or screen orientation can change the number of pages) you can follow the conventions for websites and provide:

  • a paragraph number numbered from the beginning of the document; 
  • an overarching heading plus a paragraph number within that section; or 
  • an abbreviated heading (or the first few words of the heading) in quotation marks, in cases in which the heading is too long to cite in full.

In-text reference

Zull (2011) states that "the journey from brain to mind depends greatly on experience" (Natural journey from brain to mind, para. 7).

OR

"The journey from brain to mind depends greatly on experience" (Zull, 2011, Natural journey from brain to mind, para. 7).

 

Reference list

Zull, J. (2011). From brain to mind: Using neuroscience to guide change in education. Retrieved from http://web.b.ebscohost.com/

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