Digital Object Identifier (DOIs) are now applied to the majority of journal articles that are available online. A DOI is a combination of numbers and letters which are assigned to identify content and provide a persistent link to it on the internet.
Print copies: If you access a journal through a printed copy then you do not need to include a DOI in your reference list. Your reference would then be:
Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of journal article. Title of journal, Volume number(Issue number), page numbers.
Conrad, D., & Stone, C. (2015). Connecting the dots in preservice teacher education. Delta Kappa Gamma Bulletin, 81(4), 41-49.
Digital copies with DOI: If you access a journal article through an electronic database or website then it could have a DOI. It is recommended that you include the DOI in your reference list. Your reference would then be:
Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of journal article. Title of journal, Volume number (Issue number), page numbers. DOI
Adin-Surkis, A. (2015). Teachers evaluate the new curriculum in English: Views regarding evaluation and evaluation tools. Research In Education, (93), 34-59. doi:10.7227/RIE.0009
Digital copies without DOI: If you access a journal article through an electronic database or website and it does not have a DOI then it is recommended that you include the home page URL for the journal in your reference list. Your reference would then be:
Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of journal article. Title of journal, Volume number (Issue number), page numbers. Retrieved from URL
Resch, C. (2014). National policies and strategies for the support of the gifted and talented in Austria. CEPS Journal: Center for Educational Policy Studies Journal, 4(3), 9-30. Retrieved from http://www.cepsj.si/doku.php?id=en:journal
Below are specific examples of referencing journal articles.
As mentioned by Bischof (2015) ...
Taking students to local sites can awaken an interest in history (Bischof, 2015).
Bischof, L. (2015). The lens of the local: Teaching an appreciation of the past through the exploration of local sites, landmarks, and hidden histories. History Teacher, 48(3), 529-559.
Coffey and Lavery (2015) discussed how service-learning is both an educational philosophy and instructional method.
Service-learning can be viewed as both an educational philosophy and an instructional method (Coffey & Lavery, 2015).
Coffey, A., & Lavery, S. (2015). Service-learning: A valuable means of preparing pre-service teachers for a teaching practicum. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 40(7), 86-101. http://dx.doi.org/10.14221/ajte.2015v40n7.7
First citation: Cameron, Mulholland and Branson (2013) explained that research literature shows that working collaboratively has the potential to contribute to organisational learning.
Subsequent citations: Cameron et al. (2013) emphasised the importance of professional development for teacher learning.
First citation: There is evidence that working collaboratively has the potential to contribute to organisational learning (Cameron, Mulholland & Branson, 2013).
Subsequent citations: The importance of professional development for teacher learning cannot be understated (Cameron et al., 2013)
Cameron, S., Mulholland, J., & Branson, C. (2013). Professional learning in the lives of teachers: towards a new framework for conceptualising teacher learning. Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education, 41(4), 377-397. doi:10.1080/1359866X.2013.838620
Avramides et al. (2015) discussed the importance of ...
The role of the teacher in cross-curricular projects is essential (Avramides et al., 2015).
NB: Write all the authors' names in the reference list
Avramides, K., Hunter, J., Oliver, M., Smith, J., Jones, M., & Luckin, R. (2015). A method for teacher inquiry in cross-curricular projects: Lessons from a case study. British Journal of Educational Technology, 46(2), 249-264. doi:10.1111/bjet.12233
Joosten-Weyn Banningh et al. (2008) concluded that ...
It is very important to consider the concept of mild cognitive impairment (Joosten-Weyn Banningh et al., 2008) ...
NB: When there are more than eight authors include the first six authors' names, then insert an ellipsis and then the final author's name.
Joosten-Weyn Banningh, L.W.A., Kessels, R.P.C., Olde Rikkert, M.G.M., Geleijns-Lanting, C., Kraaimaat, F. W., …Smith, J. (2008). A cognitive behavioural group therapy for patients diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment and their significant others: Feasibility and preliminary results. Clinical Rehabilitation, 22(8), 731-40. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0269215508090774