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APA Referencing - Education & Counselling students: Book

This guide provides information on how to reference using the APA 6th and 7th edition publication style

One author (APA6)

Book (One author)

In-text reference

Cash (2011) identified ten elements in a differentiated classroom.

OR

There are ten elements in a differentiated classroom (Cash, 2011).


Reference list

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of the book: Subtitle of the book. City of publication, State or Country of publication: Publisher. 

Cash, R. (2011). Advancing differentiation: Thinking and learning for the 21st century. Minneapolis, MN: Free Spirit Publishing.

Two authors (APA6)

Book (Two authors)

In-text reference

Barker and Powell (2014) explained that when someone comes to a counselling session they will have considered what they want to talk about.

OR

When a person comes to a counselling session they will have considered what they want to talk about (Barker & Powell, 2014). 


Reference List

Surname, Initial., & Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of the book: Subtitle of the book. City of publication, State or Country of publication: Publisher. 

Barker, G., & Powell, C. (2014). From woe to go: A training text for Christian counsellors. Bloomington, IN: Balboa Press. 

Book (Three to Five authors) (APA6)

Book (Three to five authors)

In APA 6th edition, the authors' surnames are written in full for the first citation and then abbreviated to the first author and et al. after that.

In-text reference

First citation:

Morgan, Comber, Freebody and Nixon (2014) encouraged teachers to use data from the students' writing to help plan future lessons.


Subsequent citations:

Morgan et al. (2014) discovered at many schools students had individual laptops and accessed and submitted information via the school intranet. 

OR

First citation:

Teachers should be encouraged to use data from the students' writing to help plan future lessons (Morgan, Comber, Freebody, & Nixon, 2014).  


Subsequent citations: 

At some schools students may have individual laptops and access and submit information via the school intranet (Morgan et al., 2014).


Reference List

Surname, Initial., Surname, Initial., Surname, Initial., & Surname, Initial (Year). Title of the book: Subtitle of the book. City of publication, State or Country of publication: Publisher. 

Morgan, A., Comber, B., Freebody, P., & Nixon, H. (2014). Literacy in the middle years: Learning from collaborative classroom research. Newtown, NSW: Primary English Teaching Association.

Book (Six to seven authors) APA6

Book (Six to seven authors)

In-text reference

Cite the surname of the first author and then write et al. for in-text references.

Kramer et al. (2011) discussed the positive impact collaborative teaching can have on student achievement.

OR

Collaborative teaching has been shown to have a positive impact on student achievement (Kramer et al., 2011). 


Reference list

Write the names of all the authors in the reference list. 

Surname, Initial., Surname, Initial., Surname, Initial., Surname, Initial., Surname, Initial., & Surname, Initial (Year). Title of the book: Subtitle of the book. City of publication, State or Country of publication: Publisher. 

Kramer, S., Lewis, J., Hogan, F., Waters, G., Watson, B., Jones, M., & Smith, M. (2011). Collaborative teaching in the Middle School. Boston, MA: Stellar Books. 

Book (Eight or more authors) (APA6)

Book (Eight or more authors)

In-text reference

Cite the surname of the first author and then write et al. for in-text references.

Louden et al. (2000) concluded that difficulties with numeracy were less than difficulties with literacy for primary school students.

OR

The report concluded that difficulties with numeracy were less than difficulties with literacy for primary school students (Louden et al., 2000).


Reference list 

When there are more than eight authors include the first six authors' names, then insert an ellipsis and then the final author's name.

Surname, Initial., Surname, Initial., Surname, Initial., Surname, Initial., Surname, Initial., Surname, Initial.,... Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of the book: Subtitle of the book. City of publication, State or Country of publication: Publisher. 

Louden, W., Chan, L. K., Elkins, J., Greaves, D., House, H., Milton, M.,...Van Kraayenoord, C. (2000). Mapping the territory: Primary students with learning difficulties: Literacy and numeracy. Canberra, Australia: Department Education, Training and Youth Affairs.

Chapter in an edited book (APA6)

Chapter in an edited book

In-text reference

According to Young (2007), there is frequent distrust in the relationship between the school and the parents of school students.

OR

The relationship between schools and the parents of students is often fraught with issues (Young, 2007, p. 300).


Reference list

Young, B. (2007). The collaborative school community. In J. L. Drexler (Ed.), Schools as communities (pp. 299-316). Colorado Springs, CO: Purposeful Design.

Edited book (APA6)

Edited book

In an edited book, the editor(s) may or may not have written a chapter within the book. If referencing or quoting from a chapter, cite the chapter. If citing the entire book, the in-text citation will be similar to a citation for an authored book with the addition of (Eds.).

In-text reference

The compilation of research on memory in autism by Boucher and Bowler (2010) remains an influential publication in this area.  

OR

In an influential publication on memory in autism (Boucher & Bowler, 2010) ...


Reference list

Boucher, J., & Bowler, D. (Eds.). (2010). Memory in autism: theory and evidence. Melbourne: Cambridge University Press.

Group author (APA6)

Group author

In-text reference

According to the Board of Studies NSW (2003), Commerce should provide students with knowledge that helps them make wise decisions about consumer, financial, business, legal and employment issues. 

OR

Studying Commerce provides students with knowledge that helps them make wise decisions about consumer, financial, business, legal and employment issues (Board of Studies NSW, 2003).

 

Reference list

If the group author is also the publisher, write "Author" after the place of publication

Board of Studies NSW. (2003). Commerce Years 7-10 syllabus. North Sydney, NSW: Author.  

Edition other than first (APA6)

Edition other than first

An edition number is not required for a first edition. The edition number is written after the title for editions other than the first. The edition number is not italicised.

In-text reference

Marsh and Hart (2011) discussed how technology is a part of students' natural landscape.

OR

For students today, technology is a part of their natural landscape (Marsh & Hart, 2011). 

 

Reference list

Marsh, C., & Hart, C. (2011). Teaching the social sciences and humanities in an Australian curriculum (6th ed.). Frenchs Forest, NSW: Pearson Australia.  

Cite a reference within another reference (APA6)

Cite a reference within another reference

In-text reference

Sometimes you may want to use a reference, which you do not have access to, that was referred to within another source. Here is an example.

Hans Asperger noted that:

[T]here is an inability to learn from adults in conventional ways. Instead, the autistic individual needs to create everything out of his own thought and experience. More often than not this results in defective performance, even in the more able autistic individuals (p. 56). (Asperger, 1944, trans. Frith, 1991, cited in Scheuffgen, et al., 2000, p. 89)

 

The writer had access to the Schueffgen (2000) reference but not the translation by Frith (1991), or the original 1944 work by Hans Asperger. The original work by Asperger is listed first in the citation, the translation is listed second, then "cited in" precedes the reference that the writer actually consulted. The page number of the Scheuffgen reference is given last. The Scheuffgen reference had already been cited earlier in the assignment, so et al. was used instead of listing multiple authors. 

Reference list

Scheuffgen, K., Happé, F., Anderson, M. & Frith, U. (2000). High 'intelligence', low 'IQ'? Speed of processing and measured IQ in children with autism. Development and Psychopathology12(01), 83-90.

Translated book APA6

Translated book

Citation of the original work is not needed.

In-text reference

(author, publication year of translation)

(Lohfink, 1999)


Reference list

Author surname, Initial. (publication year of translation). Title (Translator initials, surname, Trans.). Place of publication: Publisher.

Lohfink, G. (1999). Does God need the church? Toward a theology of the people of God (L. M. Maloney, Trans.). Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press.

One author (APA7)

Book (One author)

In-text reference

Cash (2011) identified ten elements in a differentiated classroom.

OR

There are ten elements in a differentiated classroom (Cash, 2011).


Reference list

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of the book: Subtitle of the book. Publisher. 

Cash, R. (2011). Advancing differentiation: Thinking and learning for the 21st century. Free Spirit Publishing.

Two authors (APA7)

Book (Two authors)

In-text reference

Barker and Powell (2014) explained that when someone comes to a counselling session they will have considered what they want to talk about.

OR

When a person comes to a counselling session they will have considered what they want to talk about (Barker & Powell, 2014). 


Reference List

Surname, Initial., & Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of the book: Subtitle of the book. Publisher. 

Barker, G., & Powell, C. (2014). From woe to go: A training text for Christian counsellors. Balboa Press. 

Book (Three or more authors) (APA7)

Book (Three or more authors)

In APA 7th edition, three or more authors' names are abbreviated to the first author and et al. from the first citation.

In-text reference

First citation:

Morgan et al. (2014) encouraged teachers to use data from the students' writing to help plan future lessons.


Subsequent citations:

Morgan et al. (2014) discovered at many schools students had individual laptops and accessed and submitted information via the school intranet. 

OR

First citation:

Teachers should be encouraged to use data from the students' writing to help plan future lessons (Morgan et al., 2014).  


Subsequent citations: 

At some schools students may have individual laptops and access and submit information via the school intranet (Morgan et al., 2014).


Reference List

Surname, Initial., Surname, Initial., Surname, Initial., & Surname, Initial (Year).  Title of the book: Subtitle of the book. Publisher. 

Morgan, A., Comber, B., Freebody, P., & Nixon, H. (2014). Literacy in the middle years: Learning from collaborative classroom research. Primary English Teaching Association.

 

 

Chapter in an edited book (APA7)

Chapter in an edited book

In-text reference

According to Young (2007), there is frequent distrust in the relationship between the school and the parents of school students.

OR

The relationship between schools and the parents of students is often fraught with issues (Young, 2007, p. 300).


Reference list

Young, B. (2007). The collaborative school community. In J. L. Drexler (Ed.), Schools as communities (pp. 299-316). Purposeful Design.

Edited book (APA7)

Edited book

In an edited book, the editor(s) may or may not have written a chapter within the book. If referencing or quoting from a chapter, cite the chapter. If citing the entire book, the in-text citation will be similar to a citation for an authored book with the addition of (Eds.).

In-text reference

The compilation of research on memory in autism by Boucher and Bowler (2010) remains an influential publication in this area.  

OR

In an influential publication on memory in autism (Boucher & Bowler, 2010) ...


Reference list

Boucher, J., & Bowler, D. (Eds.). (2010). Memory in autism: theory and evidence. Cambridge University Press.

 

Group author (APA7)

Group author

In-text reference

According to the Board of Studies NSW (2003), Commerce should provide students with knowledge that helps them make wise decisions about consumer, financial, business, legal and employment issues. 

OR

Studying Commerce provides students with knowledge that helps them make wise decisions about consumer, financial, business, legal and employment issues (Board of Studies NSW, 2003).

 

Reference list

If the group author is also the publisher, leave the publisher field blank.

Board of Studies NSW. (2003). Commerce Years 7-10 syllabus.  

 

Edition other than first (APA7)

Edition other than first

An edition number is not required for a first edition. The edition number is written after the title for editions other than the first. The edition number is not italicised.

In-text reference

Marsh and Hart (2011) discussed how technology is a part of students' natural landscape.

OR

For students today, technology is a part of their natural landscape (Marsh & Hart, 2011). 

 

Reference list

Marsh, C., & Hart, C. (2011). Teaching the social sciences and humanities in an Australian curriculum (6th ed.). Pearson Australia.  

Cite a reference within another reference (APA7)

Cite a reference within another reference

In-text reference

Sometimes you may want to use a reference, which you do not have access to, that was referred to within another source. Here is an example.

Hans Asperger noted that:

[T]here is an inability to learn from adults in conventional ways. Instead, the autistic individual needs to create everything out of his own thought and experience. More often than not this results in defective performance, even in the more able autistic individuals (p. 56). (Asperger, 1944, trans. Frith, 1991, cited in Scheuffgen, et al., 2000, p. 89)

 

The writer had access to the Schueffgen (2000) reference but not the translation by Frith (1991), or the original 1944 work by Hans Asperger. The original work by Asperger is listed first in the citation, the translation is listed second, then "cited in" precedes the reference that the writer actually consulted. The page number of the Scheuffgen reference is given last. The Scheuffgen reference had already been cited earlier in the assignment, so et al. was used instead of listing multiple authors. 

Reference list

Scheuffgen, K., Happé, F., Anderson, M. & Frith, U. (2000). High 'intelligence', low 'IQ'? Speed of processing and measured IQ in children with autism. Development and Psychopathology12(01), 83-90.

Translated book APA7

Translated book

Two dates are included in the citation for a translated book. The first date is the publication year of the original work, and the second date is the year the translation (or reprint) was released.  

In-text reference

(author, original work publication year/translation)

(Lohfink, 1998/1999)


Reference list

Author surname, Initial. (publication year of translation). Title (Translator initials, surname, Trans.). Publisher. (Original work published 1998)

Lohfink, G. (1999). Does God need the church? Toward a theology of the people of God (L. M. Maloney, Trans.). Liturgical Press. (Original work published 1998)
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