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APA Referencing - Education & Counselling students: Journal article

This guide provides information on how to reference using the APA 6th and 7th edition publication style

How to reference a journal article

APA6 APA7
One author One author
Two authors Two authors
Three to five authors Three or more authors
Six to seven authors  
Eight or more authors  

DOIs

Digital Object Identifier (DOIs) are allocated to the majority of journal articles that are available online. A DOI is a combination of numbers and letters which are assigned to identify content and provide a persistent link to it on the internet. If you access a journal through a printed copy then you do not need to include a DOI in your reference list.

Reference list

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of journal article. Title of journal, Volume number(Issue number), page numbers. 

Conrad, D., & Stone, C. (2015). Connecting the dots in preservice teacher education. Delta Kappa Gamma Bulletin81(4), 41-49.

 

If the journal article has a DOI, include the DOI in your reference list. 

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of journal article. Title of journal, Volume number (Issue number), page numbers. DOI

Adin-Surkis, A. (2015). Teachers evaluate the new curriculum in English: Views regarding evaluation and evaluation tools. Research In Education, (93), 34-59. doi:10.7227/RIE.0009


If the journal article does not have a DOI, the home page for the journal can be included in the reference list. 

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of journal article. Title of journal, Volume number (Issue number), page numbers. https://URL

Resch, C. (2014). National policies and strategies for the support of the gifted and talented in Austria. CEPS Journal: Center for Educational Policy Studies Journal, 4(3), 9-30. http://www.cepsj.si

 

One author (APA6)

Journal article (One author)

In-text reference

As mentioned by Bischof (2015) ...

OR

Taking students to local sites can awaken an interest in history (Bischof, 2015).


Reference list

Bischof, L. (2015). The lens of the local: Teaching an appreciation of the past through the exploration of local sites, landmarks, and hidden histories. History Teacher, 48(3), 529-559.

Two authors (APA6)

Journal article (Two authors)

In-text

Coffey and Lavery (2015) discussed how service-learning is both an educational philosophy and instructional method. 

OR

Service-learning can be viewed as both an educational philosophy and an instructional method (Coffey & Lavery, 2015). 


Reference list

Coffey, A., & Lavery, S. (2015). Service-learning: A valuable means of preparing pre-service teachers for a teaching practicum. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 40(7), 86-101. http://dx.doi.org/10.14221/ajte.2015v40n7.7

Three to five authors (APA6)

Journal article (Three to five authors)

In APA 6th edition, three to five authors' names are written in full the first time the work is cited, then abbreviated to the first author and et al. for subsequent citations.

In-text reference

First citation: 

Cameron, Mulholland and Branson (2013) explained that research literature shows that working collaboratively has the potential to contribute to organisational learning.


Subsequent citations: 

Cameron et al. (2013) emphasised the importance of professional development for teacher learning.

OR

First citation: 

There is evidence that working collaboratively has the potential to contribute to organisational learning (Cameron, Mulholland & Branson, 2013). 


Subsequent citations: 

The importance of professional development for teacher learning cannot be understated (Cameron et al., 2013)

 

Reference list

Cameron, S., Mulholland, J., & Branson, C. (2013). Professional learning in the lives of teachers: towards a new framework for conceptualising teacher learning. Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education41(4), 377-397. doi:10.1080/1359866X.2013.838620

Six to seven authors (APA6)

Journal article (Six to seven authors)

In-text reference

Cite the surname of the first author and then write et al. 

Avramides et al. (2015) discussed the importance of ...

OR

The role of the teacher in cross-curricular projects is essential (Avramides et al., 2015).  


Reference list

Write all the authors' names in the reference list.

Avramides, K., Hunter, J., Oliver, M., Smith, J., Jones, M., & Luckin, R. (2015). A method for teacher inquiry in cross-curricular projects: Lessons from a case study. British Journal of Educational Technology46(2), 249-264. doi:10.1111/bjet.12233

Eight or more authors (APA6)

Journal article (Eight or more authors)

In-text reference

Cite the surname of the first author and then write et al. 

Joosten-Weyn Banningh et al. (2008) concluded that ...

OR

It is very important to consider the concept of mild cognitive impairment (Joosten-Weyn Banningh et al., 2008) ...


Reference list

When there are eight or more authors, include the first six authors' names, then insert an ellipsis before the final author's name.

Joosten-Weyn Banningh, L.W.A., Kessels, R.P.C., Olde Rikkert, M.G.M., Geleijns-Lanting, C., Kraaimaat, F. W., … Smith, J. (2008). A cognitive behavioural group therapy for patients diagnosed with mild cognitive impairment and their significant others: Feasibility and preliminary results. Clinical Rehabilitation, 22(8), 731-40. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0269215508090774

One author (APA7)

Journal article (One author)

In-text reference

As mentioned by Bischof (2015) ...

OR

Taking students to local sites can awaken an interest in history (Bischof, 2015).


Reference list

Bischof, L. (2015). The lens of the local: Teaching an appreciation of the past through the exploration of local sites, landmarks, and hidden histories. History Teacher, 48(3), 529-559.

Two authors (APA7)

Journal article (Two authors)

In-text

Coffey and Lavery (2015) discussed how service-learning is both an educational philosophy and instructional method. 

OR

Service-learning can be viewed as both an educational philosophy and an instructional method (Coffey & Lavery, 2015). 


Reference list

Coffey, A., & Lavery, S. (2015). Service-learning: A valuable means of preparing pre-service teachers for a teaching practicum. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 40(7), 86-101. http://dx.doi.org/10.14221/ajte.2015v40n7.7

Three or more authors (APA7)

Journal article (Three or more authors)

In APA 7th edition, three or more authors' names are abbreviated to the first author and et al. from the first citation.

In-text reference

First citation: 

Cameron et al. (2013) explained that research literature shows that working collaboratively has the potential to contribute to organisational learning.


Subsequent citations: 

Cameron et al. (2013) emphasised the importance of professional development for teacher learning.

OR

First citation: 

There is evidence that working collaboratively has the potential to contribute to organisational learning (Cameron et al., 2013). 


Subsequent citations: 

The importance of professional development for teacher learning cannot be understated (Cameron et al., 2013).

 

Reference list

Cameron, S., Mulholland, J., & Branson, C. (2013). Professional learning in the lives of teachers: towards a new framework for conceptualising teacher learning. Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education41(4), 377-397. doi:10.1080/1359866X.2013.838620
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