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APA Referencing - Education & Counselling students: eBook

This guide provides information on how to reference using the APA 6th and 7th edition publication style

How to reference an eBook (APA6)

eBook

Most of the APA rules for referencing print books apply to referencing eBooks, e.g. how to reference multiple authors, different editions, an edited book etc. Click on the Book tab for further details. 

However, there are some specific differences when referencing an eBook in APA 6th edition. Below, there is information on how to reference:

  • an eBook accessed through an eReader (e.g. Kindle),
  • an online eBook with a DOI
  • an online eBook without a DOI
  • a chapter in an edited eBook
  • a direct quote in an eBook - both with or without page numbers

If a book is available as both a print book and eBook you should follow the rule "cite what you used" and cite the version of the book you accessed for your assignment. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

eReader (APA6)

eBook (eReader version)

In-text reference

Opaka (2014) stated that....

OR

The importance of a counsellor in enabling people to navigate difficult life issues cannot be overemphasised (Opaka, 2014).


Reference list

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of book: Subtitle of the book [E-reader version]. Retrieved from http://www.website.edu.au 

OR

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of book: Subtitle of the book  [E-reader version]. doi:xxxxx

Okpala, D. (2014). Counselling: In the church and fellowship groups [Kindle book]. Retrieved from http://www.amazon.com/

Online with DOI (APA6)

eBook (Online with DOI) 

In-text reference

According to Ritsner and Awad (2007) ...

OR

... as it had been identified (Ritsner & Awad, 2007).


Reference list

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of book: Subtitle of the book. doi:xxxxx 

Ritsner, M. S., & Awad, A. G. (2007). Quality of life impairment in schizophrenia, mood and anxiety disorders. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-5779-3

Online without DOI (APA6)

eBook (Online without DOI)

In-text reference

Lewin-Benham (2015) advocated for...

OR

The importance of teaching intentionally can be seen in the example of the Reggio Emilia approach to teaching (Lewin-Benham, 2015). 


Reference list

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of book: Subtitle of the book. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

Lewin-Benham, A. (2015). Eight essential techniques for teaching with intention: What makes Reggio and other inspired approaches effective. Retrieved from http://web.b.ebscohost.com/

Chapter in an eBook (APA6)

eBook (Chapter in an eBook)

In-text reference

Heyneman and Stern (2015) stated that ...

OR

... has been identified as crucial in development (Heyneman & Stern, 2015).


Reference list

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of chapter. In Initial. Surname (Ed.). Title of book: Subtitle of the book [E-reader version if applicable]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx 

OR

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of chapter. In Initial. Surname (Ed.). Title of book: Subtitle of the book  [E-reader version if applicable]. doi:xxxxx

Heyneman, S & Stern, J. (2015). Development and education. In P. Dixon, S. Humble & C. Counihan (Eds.), Handbook of international development and education (pp. 20-46). Retrieved from http://web.a.ebscohost.com/

Direct quote (APA6)

eBook (Direct quote)

Many eBooks have page numbers that correlate with their print alternatives. If an eBook has page numbers, provide those page numbers in your in-text citation after a direct quote as you would for a print book. If an eBook does not have page numbers or does not have constant page numbers (e.g. in an eReader where the size of font or screen orientation can change the numbering of the pages) follow the conventions for websites and provide:

  • a paragraph number numbered from the beginning of the document; 
  • an overarching heading plus a paragraph number within that section; or 
  • an abbreviated heading (or the first few words of the heading) in quotation marks, in cases in which the heading is too long to cite in full.

In-text reference

Zull (2011) stated that "the journey from brain to mind depends greatly on experience" (Natural journey from brain to mind, para. 3).

OR

"The journey from brain to mind depends greatly on experience" (Zull, 2011, Natural journey from brain to mind, para. 3).


Reference list

Zull, J. (2011). From brain to mind: Using neuroscience to guide change in education. Retrieved from http://web.b.ebscohost.com/

How to reference an eBook (APA7)

eBook

Most of the APA rules for referencing print books also apply to referencing eBooks and audiobooks, e.g. how to reference multiple authors, different editions, an edited book etc. Click on the Book tab for further details. 

If you refer to the ebook or audiobook version of a reference, cite the print book unless there is something distinctive about the ebook or audiobook that you are referring to (such as referring to the reader's voice in an audiobook). In this case, include the format in the reference list citation.

In-text citation

(Callahan & Sadeghi, 2015)

 

(Lewis et al., 2014)


Reference list

Callahan, K., & Sadeghi, L. (2015). Educational leadership in action: A casebook for aspiring educational leaders [ebook]. Routledge.

 

Lewis, C. S., Walmsley, L., & Cosham, R. (2014). Education and history [Audiobook]. Blackstone Audio. https://www.hoopladigital.com/title/11037643

eReader (APA7)

eBook (eReader version)

In APA 7th edition, the ereader or ebook platform is not included in the citation. 

In-text reference

Opaka (2014) stated that....

OR

The importance of a counsellor in enabling people to navigate difficult life issues cannot be overemphasised (Opaka, 2014).


Reference list

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of book: Subtitle of the book [ebook]. Retrieved from http://www.website.edu.au 

OR

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of book: Subtitle of the book  [ebook]. doi:xxxxx

Okpala, D. (2014). Counselling: In the church and fellowship groups [ebook]. Retrieved from http://www.amazon.com/

Online with DOI (APA7)

eBook (Online with DOI) 

In-text reference

According to Ritsner and Awad (2007) ...

OR

... as it had been identified (Ritsner & Awad, 2007).


Reference list

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of book: Subtitle of the book [ebook]. doi:xxxxx 

Ritsner, M. S., & Awad, A. G. (2007). Quality of life impairment in schizophrenia, mood and anxiety disorders [ebook]. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-5779-3

Online without DOI (APA7)

eBook (Online without DOI)

In-text reference

Lewin-Benham (2015) advocated for...

OR

The importance of teaching intentionally can be seen in the example of the Reggio Emilia approach to teaching (Lewin-Benham, 2015). 


Reference list

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of book: Subtitle of the book [ebook]. Publisher. http://xxxxx

Lewin-Benham, A. (2015). Eight essential techniques for teaching with intention: What makes Reggio and other inspired approaches effective [ebook]. Teachers College Press. http://search.ebscohost.com/ 

Chapter in an eBook (APA7)

eBook (Chapter in an eBook)

In-text reference

Heyneman and Stern (2015) stated that ...

OR

... has been identified as crucial in development (Heyneman & Stern, 2015).


Reference list

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of chapter. In Initial. Surname (Ed.). Title of book: Subtitle of the book [ebook]. http://xxxxx 

OR

Surname, Initial. (Year). Title of chapter. In Initial. Surname (Ed.). Title of book: Subtitle of the book  [ebook]. doi:xxxxx

Heyneman, S & Stern, J. (2015). Development and education. In P. Dixon, S. Humble & C. Counihan (Eds.), Handbook of international development and education (pp. 20-46) [ebook]. http://web.a.ebscohost.com/

Direct quote (APA7)

eBook (Direct quote)

Many eBooks have page numbers that correlate with their print alternatives. If an eBook has page numbers, provide those page numbers in your in-text citation after a direct quote as you would for a print book. If an eBook does not have page numbers or does not have constant page numbers (e.g. in an eReader where the size of font or screen orientation can change the numbering of the pages) follow the conventions for websites and provide:

  • a paragraph number numbered from the beginning of the document; 
  • an overarching heading plus a paragraph number within that section; or 
  • an abbreviated heading (or the first few words of the heading) in quotation marks, in cases in which the heading is too long to cite in full.

In-text reference

Zull (2011) stated that "the journey from brain to mind depends greatly on experience" (Natural journey from brain to mind, para. 3).

OR

"The journey from brain to mind depends greatly on experience" (Zull, 2011, Natural journey from brain to mind, para. 3).


Reference list

Zull, J. (2011). From brain to mind: Using neuroscience to guide change in education [ebook]http://web.b.ebscohost.com/
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